Lentil and Escarole Soup

The combination of legumes and bitter greens like escarole is common in southern Italy. Escarole is a bitter lettuce that looks a little bit like frisée but with wider, tougher leaves. It’s high in vitamin A and a good source of iron and potassium. This recipe is adapted from one in “Cucina Rustica,” by Evan Kleiman and Viana La Place.


For the lentil and escarole soup

  • 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 small onion, finely chopped
  • 1 large or 2 small carrots, cut in small dice
  • 3 to 4 garlic cloves, minced
  • ¼ teaspoon red pepper flakes
  • 1 14-ounce can chopped tomatoes, with juice; or 3/4 pound tomatoes, seeded and grated
  • 1 cup lentils, washed and picked over
  • A bouquet garni made with a bay leaf, a few sprigs each thyme and parsley, and a Parmesan rind
  • 6 cups water
  • Salt
  • freshly ground pepper
  • 1 small head escarole, washed and roughly chopped about 6 cups
  • Optional: 4 to 6 slices country bread, toasted and rubbed with a cut clove of garlic
  • Nutritional Information
    • Nutritional analysis per serving (4 servings)

      366 calories; 8 grams fat; 1 gram saturated fat; 0 grams trans fat; 5 grams monounsaturated fat; 1 gram polyunsaturated fat; 57 grams carbohydrates; 10 grams dietary fiber; 7 grams sugars; 17 grams protein; 583 milligrams sodium

    • Note: Nutrient information is not available for all ingredients. Amount is based on available data.

Serves four to six


For the lentil and escarole soup

  1. Heat 1 tablespoon of the olive oil over medium heat in a large soup pot or Dutch oven. Add the onion and carrots. Cook, stirring often, until the onion is tender, about five minutes. Add the garlic and red pepper flakes. Cook, stirring, until the garlic is fragrant, 30 seconds to a minute. Stir in the tomatoes. Bring to a simmer, and cook, stirring, until the tomatoes have cooked down slightly and smell fragrant, five to 10 minutes. Add the lentils and simmer with the tomato mixture for a few minutes, then add the bouquet garni and the water. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat and add salt to taste (1 to 2 teaspoons). Cover and simmer 30 minutes.
  2. Add the escarole, and bring back to a simmer. Reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 15 to 20 minutes until the escarole and the lentils are tender. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Remove the bouquet garni.
  3. Toast slices of country bread if desired and rub with a cut clove of garlic. Place a slice in each bowl, ladle in the soup and serve.
  • Advance preparation: The soup will keep for three or four days in the refrigerator.

1 hour 10 minutes

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